safe drinking
water is not


With population growth and pervasive commercial activity, drinking water resources have
been contaminated by industrial, agricultural and municipal wastewater streams.


Personal Care Products


Industrial Chemicals

What are Micropollutants

Low concentration, high risk

Micropollutants are a large class of contaminants consisting of industrial chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and personal care  products. Labeled “micro” due to their presence in concentrations of one part per billion and less. One part per billion (1 ppb) is one microgram per liter, or one teaspoon in an Olympic-sized swimming pool.

Many micropollutants do not biodegrade  and can accumulate in people, retaining potency in trace concentrations.  The continuous flow and buildup of these compounds into water  resources are having harmful effects on water resources, and are of serious  health concern to  people.

Furthermore, these compounds combine to form hazardous contaminant cocktails  that are not removed at water treatment facilities, eventually making  their way  back into drinking water resources and the food chain.   Read more: Industry News

What is PFOA

Hazardous even at 1 teaspoon
per 14 Olympic swimming pools

Perflourooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctanesulfonic Acid (PFOS) are highly toxic pollutants, associated with liver damage, thyroid disease and cancers. EPA recently set a new health advisory level of .07 ppb for the contaminants, with negative health effects indicated at lower concentrations.

PFOA, PFOS and and related per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) are known for their  use in household products like Teflon, Scotgard and in aviation foam fire fighting retardants. PFASs are colorless and soluble in water, and migrate easily from soil to groundwater.

U.S. water systems serving more than 10,000 customers were recently surveyed, and reported that 194 water supplies, affecting 16.5 million residents in 33 states, showed contamination by PFASs. Water systems serving less than 10,000 customers, representing one-third of the country, were not included in this report.

During 2016, several public health agencies declared states of emergency with respect to local water systems in the Northeast and at military airbases across the country.  Read more: Industry News